It provides a quality framework to understand customer needs and determine all the actions with product and process design to assure that the production process can deliver products that satisfy those needs.

This framework includes tools such as quality function deployment to understand customer needs and translate them into product and process characteristics, product and process design validation and verification, failure modes and effects analysis to counter or control potential failure, and control plans to insure critical product characteristics are achieved.

Other related terms include layered manufacturing, digital fabrication, and direct digital manufacturing. A focused surveillance and innovation effort to explore how the organization’s technologies and products can be adapted and/or applied to adjacent market sectors or how concepts for products in adjacent sectors can be applied to a company’s products in its main sector.

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Verifying and validating the solutions dating british glass backstamps

Fabrication processes which add material using a variety of “3D printing” type processes to create a final part or item geometry with a minimum of secondary processes required.

The technologies involved have previously been associated with rapid prototyping, but when these technologies are able to directly produce parts for products, additive manufacturing is a better description.

It defines the context for the use of product data and specifies the use of the base standard in that context to satisfy an industrial need.

AP’s are Parts in the 200 series of the STEP standard.1. Application Programming Interface – the standard set of functions provided by a program or operating system to allow for integration of other software.

The cards or post-its are moved to the appropriate group headings.

Application Interpreted Model (STEP) – The model that describes the interpretation of the STEP integrated resources constructs that provide functional equivalence to the AP’s information requirements as specified in the application reference model.

Two programs linked via an API can both be altered and still work together so long as both conform to the API.

Architectural Principles are statements of preferred architectural direction or practice.

A discipline that focuses on the management of activities as a route to improving the value received by the customer and the profit received by providing this value.

This discipline includes cost driver analysis, activity analysis, and performance measurement.

Activity Based Costing is a costing and analysis method that associates resources and their costs to activities and then associates the costs of activities to cost objects (e.g., a product) based on a cost drivers which measure use of an activity by the cost object.