Instead, civilians dropped like flies in an enclosed microcosm with virtually no food, no heat, no supplies, and no escape route.

People keeled over dead in the streets by the thousands, malnourished, exhausted, and frozen.

Luis Sanz IASP Director General IASP is the worldwide network of science parks and areas of innovation.

It connects the professionals managing science, technology and research parks (STPs) and other areas of innovation and provides services that drive growth and effectiveness for all members.

The performance was aired across the city via loudspeakers, some of which were directed toward German lines as an act of cultural resistance to atrocity.

Olga Bergholz became the voice of the Siege of Leningrad.

IASP coordinates a very active network of professionals that manage areas of innovation and science/technology parks, enhances new business opportunities for companies and research organizations located in these areas, assists the development and growth of new parks and other areas of innovation, increases the international visibility of IASP members and sponsors.

This marked the transition of submarines from slow underwater vessels to warships capable of sustaining 20-25 knots submerged for weeks on end. After the Skate-class vessels, reactor development proceeded and in the USA a single series of standardised designs was built by both Westinghouse and GE, one reactor powering each vessel.

IASP has long been a global reference on science and technology parks, fully grasping the opportunities and movements connected to innovation, understanding the evolution of the traditional parks and the new role of cities in the urban, economic and social transformation.

Beyond being local innovation ecosystems, we recognise that our parks must be global connectors of the worldwide innovation ecosystem.

Our network provides the global platform that connects our members, and this World Conference creates an unparalleled opportunity for making international connections, exchanging knowledge about our local ecosystems, and learning from each other to become truly global.