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It provides four folk tunes accompanied with musical notation.The book has been translated from Croatian into English in 1979 by Edward Dennis Goy under the title Fishing and fisherman's' conversation.We can see musical notation also in the famous Trogir Evangelistary (Evangeliarium Traguriense), written in 1230-40, kept in the treasury of the cathedral in Trogir: According to Dr.
According to The Penguin Guide to Bargain Records, 1966, GB, the text is taken from native Croatian variations of the Latin text (see p. The oldest known music preserved in Croatian language is considered to be Kantual "Blagoslovimo Gospodina" (Let us Bless Lord), written in Latin Script, dating from the end of 14th till the beginning of 16th centuries.
It is kept in the Dominican Convent in Starigrad on the island of Hvar.
Written in Latin, in Beneventan script, it contains prayers and some chants unique in Europe. For a long time it was believed to have been written in North Italy, until E. It is interesting that as many as 430 monodic melodies are preserved in the Dubrovnik region from that time: 220 are kept in Dubrovnik missals, out of 720 known monodic melodies preserved in the whole of Croatia.
Out of these 220 monodic melodies, 50 of them represent the Dubrovnik music particularities.
589] and [Demovic, Neumatski fragment beneventanskog pontifikala]. According to dr don Miho Demovic, Croatians have coral sheet music earlier than Germans.
This evangelistary contains among others a prayer for the Pope, for Byzantine emperor, and for the King which at that time was factual ruler of Osor (regis nostri) - Croatian King Zvonimir. Some of the Christmas folk songs from the 12th century are still very popular.
Vekenega Evangelistary, a top monument of Croatian culture, is a richly illuminated Latin text from the 11th century.
It has been written in the famous Benedictine monastery of St Krsevan, and is kept today in the Bodleian Library in Oxford. Very old and valuable for the history of Croatian music is the Dubrovnik Missal from 12th century, now kept in the Bodleian Library in Oxford (Canon Ligurg 342). The Missal, written for the Dubrovnik Cathedral, is full of old Gregorian chants, containing more than 200 monodic meodies. Miho Demovi proved that the Missal was written for the Dubrovnik Cathedral, [Demovi, Rasprave i prilozi, p 171-183].
The first known Croatian neum manuscripts for church music date from the 10th century. Right column of a Dubrovnik liturgicla book from the 10th century, containing neums of coral music. The Osor Evangelistary (1080-1082) from the convent of st.
We know of a fragment of a pontifical from the 10th century containg neums, kept in the Convent of Minor Brothers in Dubrovnik. Nikola in Osor (island of Cres), containing neum notation, is written in beneventana, ornamented by Monte Cassino initials, and accompanied with old neums.
The same holds for the Hrvoje Missal, written in ~1404 by scribe Butko probably in Zadar, kept in the Library of Turkish sultans (Topkapi Sarayi) in Constantinople in Turkey.